Naïve art is characterised by a child-like simplicity in its subject matter and technique. While the work of many naïve artists may suggest that they have little or no formal art training, this is often not the case.
It is recognisable by an unusual approach to the formal qualities of painting; for example seemingly awkward drawing skills, difficulties with perspective, unrefined colour and simplicity of composition. Notable naïve artists include Henri Rousseau, Camille Bombois, and Alfred Wallis.
Naïve artists are also sometimes referred to as primitive artists. Another term related to, but not completely synonymous with, naïve art, is folk art.